What is the nature of the Qur'an? It might seem a straightforward question, but there is no consensus among modern communities of the Qur'an, both Muslm and non-Muslim, upon the answer. And why should there be? On numerous occasions throughout history, Muslims from different legal schools or denominations, as well as Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and others, have agreed to disagree. The Our'anic interpreters, jurists and theologians of medieval Baghdad, Cairo and Cordoba coexisted peacefully in spite of their diversing beliefs. Seeking to revive this 'ethics of disagreement' of Classical Islam, this volume explores the different relationships societies around the world have with the Qur'an and how our understanding of the text can be shaped by studying the interpretations of others. From LGBT communities to urban Aftican American societies, it represents the true diversity of communities of the Qur'an in the twenty-first century, and the dialogue and debate that can flow between them. This book is the result of the Communities of the Qur'an conference held at Rice University in 2016.